The benefits distributed by government entities to support low-income Americans. The six major programs are: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Medicaid, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programs, Supplemental Security Income, Earned Income Tax Credit, and Housing Assistance.
Proponents of welfare preservation support the maintenance and expansion of a social safety net for the country's most vulnerable residents. They argue that state and federal benefits should be offered with few limitations to maximize the impact of funds on individuals and the economy.
Proponents of welfare reform believe the current welfare system is an inefficient use of public funds. They argue that work requirements, drug testing, and time limits should be used to reach the most vulnerable residents on a temporary basis.