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West Virginia Voting Information

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West Virginia


Voter Friendliness

Voting Requirements
Registration Difficulty
Needs Improvement
Voting Accessibility

Upcoming Elections

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Voting Qualifications

Not be under conviction, probation, or parole for a felony, treason, or election bribery
Not have been judged “mentally incompetent” in a court of competent jurisdiction
Live in West Virginia in the county in which you are registering


Voter Registration

In Person  - 
21 days before Election Day
Mail  - 
Postmarked 21 days before Election Day
Online  - 
21 days before Election Day

Absentee Ballot

Mail  - 
Request 6 days before Election Day
Mail  - 
Postmarked by Election Day and received by 6 days after Election Day

Early Voting

In Person  - 
Between 3 and 13 days before Election Day

More Information

Party Affiliation

For primaries, if you are registered with one of the four recognized political parties (Democratic, Libertarian, Mountain or Republican, you may only vote that party's ballot or the non-partisan ballot. If you are registered with any other party or with no party, you may ask the poll worker for one of the recognized party's ballots or they will give you the non-partisan ballot. In the General Election, every registered voter receives the same ballot.

Absentee Voter Rules

All registered West Virginia voters may vote by absentee ballot in person during the period of early voting.

You may vote by absentee ballot by mail in West Virginia if one or more apply to you:

  • Illness, injury or other medical reason (includes concerns of COVID-19)
  • Disability or advanced age
  • Incarceration or home detention (does not include individuals convicted of any felony, treason, or election bribery)
  • Work hours and distance from county seat
  • Inaccessible early voting site and polling place
  • Personal or business travel
  • Attendance at college or other place of education or training
  • Temporary residence outside of the county
  • Service as an elected or appointed state or federal official
  • Voters with physical disabilities that prevent them from voting in person
  • Military and overseas voters

If your first time voting will be absentee by mail, you must send a copy of one of the forms of valid ID listed below with your ballot:

  • Valid photo ID
  • Utility bill
  • Bank statement
  • Government check
  • Paycheck
  • Any other official government document

Voter Identification

If you are voting in person in West Virginia early or on Election Day, you will need to provide one of the following identifying documents when you vote:

  • Valid West Virginia driver’s license or ID card;
  • A valid driver’s license issued by a state other than West Virginia;
  • A valid US passport;
  • A valid employee ID card with your photo issued by a West Virginia state or local government or by the federal government;
  • A valid student ID with your photo issued by a high school or instiution of higher education in West Virginia;
  • A valid military ID card with your photograph;
  • A valid concealed carry permit with your photograph;
  • A valid Medicare card or Social Security card;
  • A valid birth certificate;
  • A valid West Virginia voter registration card;
  • A valid hunting or fishing license issued by the State of West Virginia;
  • A valid identification card issued to the voter by the West Virginia Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (SNAP) program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, or Medicaid A valid bank card or valid debit card;
  • A valid utility bill or bank statement issued within six months of the date of the election;
  • A valid health insurance card issued to the voter;
  • Copy of a current utility bill;
  • A bank of debit card;
  • Any other current government document that shows your name and address

A voter does not have to show an ID to vote if:

  • The voter is accompanied by an adult who has known the voter for at least 6 months, has a photo ID with name and address, and signs an affidavit confirming the voter’s identity;
  • A poll worker has known the voter at least 6 months;
  • The voter is a resident of a WV state care facility that is the voter’s polling place;